Depending on the actual service conditions and hazards in the product’s real-world use, a variety of different puncture resistance test methods can be chosen to evaluate the product or material’s resistance to puncture.

Many products such as gloves, coated fabrics, conveyor belts, tire components and insulating blankets have specifications that require a minimum puncture resistance for performance and integrity.  

Puncture resistance testing (also commonly referred to as piercing, perforation or penetration resistance) measures the load required to create a puncture in the material in Newtons, Newtons per meter, pounds of force or pounds of force per inch of thickness. Different probe sizes and geometries are used to better simulate material strength under varying conditions. 

Common Standards for Puncture Resistance Testing

  • ASTM D120—Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Gloves
  • ASTM D7513—Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
  • ASTM D1048—Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Blankets
  • ASTM E154—Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Retarders Used in Contact with Earth Under Concrete Slabs, on Walls, or as Ground Cover

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